Search by BoMiProt ID - Bomi59

Primary Information

BoMiProt ID Bomi59
Protein Name Glucose-6-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase
Organism Bos taurus
Uniprot IDF1MMK2
Milk FractionMFGM, Exosome
Ref Sequence ID NP_001231064.1
Aminoacid Length 545
Molecular Weight 62414
FASTA Sequence Download
Gene Name G6PD
Gene ID 281179
Protein Existence Status Unreviewed: Experimental evidence at protein level

Secondary Information

Protein Function key regulatory enzyme of the pentose phosphate pathway and produces NADPH and riboses; necessary for reduction of oxidized glutathione by glutathione reductase; elevated in response to external stimuli and oxidative stress; G6PD activity is of major importance for NADPH production for defense against oxidative stress
Biochemical Properties NADP+ is essential for both stability and enzymatic activity - high concentrations of NADP+ increase the stability of some G6PD enzyme variants; susceptible to urea, losing close to 80% of their activity; substrate for NADPH oxidase in activated macrophages and polymorphonuclear leukocytes to produce oxygen radicals; substrate for phase I and II biotransformation and detoxification enzymes
Significance in milk G6PDH activity is a noninvasive biomarker of metabolic status and energy balance in early lactating cows; G6PDH activity increases from mid-pregnancy to lactation in rabbits; G6PDH is synthesized in the mammary gland in response to hormonal stimuli during pregnancy and lactation in humans; elevated G6PDH activity in early lactation reects increased shunting of G6P to the pentose phosphate pathway
Site(s) of PTM(s)

N-glycosylation, O-glycosylation,
Additional Comments G6PD deficiency interferes with the protection of the erythrocyte against oxidative stress, and causes a wide range of clinical symptoms
Bibliography 1. Frederiks, W. M., Bosch, K. S., De Jong, J. S. S. G., & Van Noorden, C. J. F. (2003). Post-translational regulation of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity in (pre)neoplastic lesions in rat liver. The Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry : Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society, 51(1), 105–112.
2. Zachut, M., Kra, G., Portnik, Y., Shapiro, F., & Silanikove, N. (2016). Milk glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity and glucose-6-phosphate are associated with oxidative stress and serve as indicators of energy balance in dairy cows. RSC Advances, 6(70), 65412–65417.
3. Gómez-Manzo, S., Marcial-Quino, J., Ortega-Cuellar, D., Serrano-Posada, H., González-Valdez, A., Vanoye-Carlo, A., … Reyes-Vivas, H. (2017, May 1). Functional and biochemical analysis of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) variants: Elucidating the molecular basis of G6PD deficiency. Catalysts, Vol. 7.